Nearly synonymous with the term coffee, Java (the country) has been producing coffee since it was first planted throughout the islands of Indonesia by the Dutch in the late 1600’s.
From our friends at Cafe Imports, we learned:
“Java was the first of the islands to cultivate coffee, and that long history with the plant on the land is part of the reason that coffee is generically known as ‘java.’ …. In the 1860s and 1870s, a coffee-leaf-rust epidemic decimated the coffee market in Indonesia, and led to the abandonment of many estates by the Dutch; as the plantations broke up, laborers took up small plots of the land, eventually replanting most of the old-stock Arabica with Robusta coffee and various more disease-resistant hybrids. This land redistribution created the predominance of smallholder growers on the islands, which exists to this day. Taken as a whole, Indonesia is the fourth-largest coffee-producing country in the world, though Java—once a powerhouse producer and the primary origin for the world’s most sought-after supply—has not come near to reclaiming its position at the top of the list worldwide.”